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2018年6月英语四级选词填空详细解析

2018-12-01 17:39 | 来源:英语学习网站 | 编辑:学英语

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级选词填空详细解析

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  今年四级考试在阅读这个板块里,总体难度仍然呈较为平稳的发展态势。首先第一步分析选项词性。今年名词考7个,动词考5个,形容词考2个,副词1个。如此一来,我们很快把15选1缩小到了最多是7选1,最少的情况是1选1。另外,请注意,名词通过单复数,动词通过时态和非谓语动词还可以进一步缩小范围。 Copyright www.yingyuzhijia.com

  Since the 1940s, southern California has had a reputation for smog。 Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the United States for levels of 26 。Gazing down on the city from the Getty Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾)。Nor is the state’s bad air 27 to its south。 Fresno, in the central valley, comes top of the list in America for year-round pollution。 Residents’ hearts and lungs are affected as a 28 。 本文来自英语之家

  All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 。And that is just what Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few months。 It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution。 Such stations will also be able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including offices。 内容来自www.yingyuzhijia.com

  To this end, Aclima has been 33 with Google’s Street View system。 Davida Herzl, Aclima’s boss, says they have revealed pollution highs on days when San Francisco’s transit workers went on strike and the city’s 34 were forced to use their cars。 Conversely, “cycle to work” days have done their job by 35 pollution lows。 内容来自www.yingyuzhijia.com

  A) assisted I) inhabitants 本文来自英语之家

  B) collaborating J) innovation

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  C) consequence K) intended

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  D) consumers L) outdoor

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  E) creating M) pollutants

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  F) detail N) restricted

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  G) domestic O) sum

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  H) frequently

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  26。 M)pollutants Copyright yingyuzhijia.com

  [语法分析]根据空格前的the level of可知,of为介词,后面应该加名词,构成介词短语,同时与for构成原因状语。

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  [语义分析]根据开篇句中的“smog”雾霾可知,本文与环境有关。“pollutants”污染物,符合题意,“the level of pollutants”污染物等级,故选M。 内容来自www.yingyuzhijia.com

  27.N)restricted

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  [语法分析]Nor放在句首倒装,正常语序应为The state’s bad air is not to its south。 因此需考虑存在be to 结构的单词。符合的有intended和restricted。

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  [语义分析]be intended to打算、旨在,be restricted to局限于。根据语义可知,该州的空气污染并非局限于其南部地区,故选N。

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  28。 C)consequence

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  [语法分析]根据空前的a 可知,冠词后应加单数可数名词,同时又能与as a构成搭配。符合的有consequence。 内容来自www.yingyuzhijia.com

  [语义分析]as a consequence“结果”,相当于as a result,固定搭配。致使居民的心脏和肺部受到感染,语义通顺,故选C。

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  29。 J)innovation Copyright www.yingyuzhijia.com

  [语法分析]根据空前的technological “科技的”可知,形容词后应加名词。 本文来自英语之家

  [语义分析]文中提到加利福尼亚有技术 之乡的美誉,符合语义的只有innovation创新,科技创新,故选J。

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  30。 F)detail Copyright www.yingyuzhijia.com

  [语法分析]根据空格前的in可知,介词后应加名词。

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  [语义分析]detail细节,in detail固定搭配,详细地。本句译为:使得这个地方十分适用于研发及检测污染全面监测系统,故选F Copyright www.yingyuzhijia.com

  31。 K)intended Copyright www.yingyuzhijia.com

  [语法分析]be to,与前文一样,此处需要填入能与之搭配的单词。

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  [语义分析]此处只有intended符合,,be intended to,打算、旨在。旨在生成实时地图……,故选K。

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  32。 L)outdoor

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  [语法分析]根据空格前的of 可知,其后应加名词。air pollution名词词组,因此此处应为形容词,起修饰作用。符合的有domestic、outdoor。

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