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考研英语阅读理解真题及详解No.40(3)

2014-04-07 07:18 | 来源:英语学习网站 | 编辑:英语之家

establish /is5tAbliF/(建 立;安置)即e+stabl(e)+ish,e-加强前缀,stable稳定,-ish动词后缀。We must establish the respectability of peace and get rid of the false glamour surrounding war.我们必须确立和平的崇高地位,除去萦绕着战争的欺骗性的魔力。

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intranet /intrE5net/(内部互联网)←intra内部的+net。 copyright www.yingyuzhijia.com

customize /kQstEmaiz/(按客户要求定制)←custom+ize动词后缀。There are three means of believing, by inspiration, by reason, and by custom.信仰有三种:神灵感应、理性思维,以及从俗。 copyright www.yingyuzhijia.com

contempt /kEn5tempt/(n. 蔑视)可看作con+tempt,con-全部,tempt单词“v.诱惑”,对所有人都进行诱惑→这种行为是令人“蔑视”的。Familiarity breeds contempt.熟悉引起轻视。Many can bear adversity, but few contempt.许多人能忍受厄运,但极少人能忍受侮辱。contempt — the weapon of the weak and a defense against one's own despised and unwanted feelings 轻蔑——弱者的武器和抵御自己所蔑视的有害感情的自卫手段。

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promotion /prE5mEuFEn/(促 进;提升)即pro+mot(e)+ion,pro-向前,mote词根“运动”=move,-ion名词后缀;动词形式为 promote←pro+mote。No true and permanent fame can be founded except in labors which promote the happiness of mankind.真正的、永恒的声望只能在增进人类幸福的劳作中求得。

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prospect /5prCspekt/(展望;前景)←pro向前+spect看;参spectacle(场面;奇观),2000年Passage 5。Prospect is often better than possession.预期往往胜于拥有。

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resort /ri5zC:t/(求 助于;胜地;手段)可看作re+sort,re-反复,sort单词“分类”,联想:某游客对众多“胜地”无所适从,只能“求助于”导游的反复(re)分 类(sort)。I never resort to a prepared script — anyone who does not have it in his head to do 30 minutes extemporaneous talking is not entitled to be heard.我从不求助于事先准备的讲稿,任何想不出30分钟即席讲话内容的人就没有资格让人来听。Home is the resort of love, of joy, of peace, and plenty, where supporting and supported, polished friends and dearest relatives mingle into bliss.家是爱、欢乐、和睦与富足的胜地,养育者与被养育者,优雅的友人与最密切的亲属在这里共享天赐之福。 copyright www.yingyuzhijia.com

interactivity /7intErAk5tiviti/(交互性)←inter互相+act作用+ivity名词后缀表“性质”;参interaction,1999年Passage 1。 copyright yingyuzhijia.com