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用猴子测试柴油车尾气 大众汽车再陷丑闻

2018-01-31 17:34 | 来源:英语学习网站 | 编辑:学英语

媒体近日接连爆料,以大众集团为首的三家德国车企曾资助让猴子吸入汽车尾气的试验,引发广泛批评。大众首席执行官米勒30日发表道歉声明,并承诺今后绝不再进行动物试验。

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用猴子测试柴油车尾气 大众汽车再陷丑闻 本文来自英语之家

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Automaker Volkswagen has suspended a top executive in response to widespread public criticism over experiments in which monkeys were exposed to diesel exhaust.
汽车制造商大众利用猴子进行柴油尾气测试引发公众广泛批评,该公司为此将一名高管停职。 copyright yingyuzhijia.com

The company said in a statement Tuesday that Thomas Steg, head of government relations and sustainability, was stepping away from his duties at his own request.
大众30日发表声明称,该公司政府关系与可持续性负责人托马斯•施特格主动要求离职。

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Steg had said in an interview published in the newspaper Bild that he had known about the experiment but did not inform the company's then-CEO, Martin Winterkorn. Steg said he rejected an initial proposal to use human volunteers and said that even after animals were substituted the experiment "should not have taken place."
施特格在接受德国《图片报》采访时曾表示,他已经知晓此事,但并未通知大众时任首席执行官马丁•温特科恩。施特格称,他拒绝了以人类志愿者为试验对象的最初方案,并称即使后来用动物代替人类进行试验“也是不可取的”。 copyright www.yingyuzhijia.com

The move follows a report in The New York Times that the now-disbanded EUGT commissioned the 2014 monkey test at the Lovelace Respiratory Institute in Albuquerque, New Mexico, to measure how Volkswagen's diesel technology was succeeding in controlling harmful emissions.
此前,《纽约时报》的一篇报道披露,现已解散的欧洲交通行业环境与健康研究集团(EUGT)曾委托位于新墨西哥州阿尔伯克基的洛夫莱斯呼吸研究所在2014年进行猴子试验,以测试大众柴油车技术是否成功控制有害气体的排放。 内容来自www.yingyuzhijia.com

《纽约时报》的报道称,2014年进行的这项研究旨在为柴油车辩护,因为在那之前有人披露,柴油车尾气致癌。

本文来自英语之家

据德新社报道,EUGT由大众、戴姆勒和宝马公司共同创立,其中大众是主要出资方。它的性质是游说组织,已于去年解散。 copyright yingyuzhijia.com

Diluted exhaust gases from a late-model Volkswagen vehicle were fed into chambers where the monkeys were exposed for four hours. Afterward, lung fluid samples were taken from the sedated monkeys, which were not killed for the experiment. The study did not deliver a definitive result.
研究人员向房间里释放了一台大众新型汽车经稀释后的尾气,并让猴子在房间里呆上4小时。随后,从注射了镇静剂的猴子身上提取肺液样本,这些猴子并没有在试验中死去。该研究没有得出明确的结果。

本文来自英语之家

用猴子测试柴油车尾气 大众汽车再陷丑闻

本文来自英语之家

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The test was done with a vehicle that used illegal software to cheat on emissions tests, turning controls off when the vehicle was not being tested. That practice was exposed in 2015, leading to Winterkorn's resignation.
这次试验中使用的车辆安装了能够在尾气排放检测中作弊的软件,当车辆未被测试时,软件会关闭控制装置。这一做法在2015年遭曝光,导致温特科恩辞职。 copyright www.yingyuzhijia.com

The Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute said in a statement that the tests were designed by EUGT and the lab itself was initially not aware the vehicle had been rigged. It said it complied with regulations for the treatment of lab animals and was committed to their humane and ethical treatment.
洛夫莱斯呼吸研究所声称,试验是由EUGT设计的,他们最初并没有意识到车辆被操纵了。他们遵守了关于实验动物的处理规定,并致力于让它们受到人道的对待。

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