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GRE阅读做题时到底是如何操作的

2017-11-02 16:22 | 来源:英语学习网站 | 编辑:学英语

  A divide between aesthetic and technical considerations has played a crucial role in mapmaking and cartographic scholarship. Since nineteenth century cartographers, for instance, understood themselves as technicians who did not care about visual effects, while others saw themselves as landscape painters. That dichotomy structured the discipline of the history of cartography. Until the 1980s, in what Blakemore and Harley called “the Old is Beautiful Paradigm,” scholars largely focused on maps made before 1800, marveling at their beauty and sometimes regretting the decline of the pre-technical age. Early mapmaking was considered art while modern cartography was located within the realm of engineering utility. Alpers, however, has argued that this boundary would have puzzled mapmakers in the seventeenth century, because they considered themselves to be visual engineers. 内容来自dedecms

  1. According to the passage, Alpers would say that the assumptions underlying the “paradigm” were

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  A. inconsistent with the way some mapmakers prior to 1800 understand their own work dedecms.com

  B. dependent on a seventeenth-century conception of mapmaking visual engineering 内容来自dedecms

  C. unconcerned with the difference between the aesthetic and technical questions of mapmaking

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  D. insensitive to divisions among cartographers working in the period after 1800 本文来自织梦

  E. supported by the demonstrable technical superiority of mapmaking made after 1800

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  2. It can be inferred from the passage that, beginning in the 1980s, historians of cartography

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  A. placed greater emphasis on the beauty of maps made after 1800

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  B. expanded their range of study to include more material created after 1800 dedecms.com

  C. grew more sensitive to the way mapmakers prior to 1800 conceived of their work

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  D. came to see the visual details of maps as aesthetic objects rather than practical cartographic aids 织梦好,好织梦

  E. reduced the attention they paid to the technical aspects of mapmaking

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  阅读过程讲解 织梦好,好织梦

  1 A divide between aesthetic and technical considerations has played a crucial role in mapmaking and cartographic scholarship. dedecms.com

  【视角】作者的判断,无引用观点。关键逻辑标识:divide between X and Y,体现了aesthetic和technical的对立。说明,mapmaking和cartography研究中存在aesthetic和technical的对立,我们之后简称为“美”与“技”。

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  2 Since nineteenth century cartographers, for instance, understood themselves as technicians who did not care about visual effects, while others saw themselves as landscape painters.

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  【视角】for instance,表明此句话和上句话语义必须一致,不会增添新信息。nineteenth century cartographers ..., while others ...表对比,鉴于和上文信息一致,则最有可能本句画就是说一派人是美的派别,而一派人是技的派别。显然,technician应该是技,则not care about visual effects体现visual effects应该是美,而landscape painters应该是美内容来自dedecms

  3 That dichotomy structured the discipline of the history of cartography. 内容来自dedecms

  【视角】that dichotomy继续体现刚才的对立。本句话再次没有新信息,不改变文章。 织梦内容管理系统

  4 Until the 1980s, in what Blakemore and Harley called “the Old is Beautiful Paradigm,” scholars largely focused on maps made before 1800, marveling at their beauty and sometimes regretting the decline of the pre-technical age. 织梦内容管理系统

  【视角】Until 1980s出现,就应该感觉到文章区分了1980s前和1980s后,最可能就是要顺着前文继续展开一派美和一派技,文章应该不会出现主线方向改变,我们唯一需要确定的是哪一派美,哪一派技。注意, Until = before,而且表示这个时间点前后是相反的。所以, before 1980s, scholars focus on maps before 1800, marveling at their beauty,足以体现,1980s前的学者关注的是1800前的map,关注的是美,则我们推知1980s后的学者开始关注1800后的map,开始关注技。regret decline of pre-technical验证了这一点,pre-technical,前科技时代,就是美的时代,凋零了,说明之后变成了技。 本文来自织梦

  5 Early mapmaking was considered art while modern cartography was located within the realm of engineering utility.

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  【视角】早期是美,后期是技。这句话纯废话,和上文说的一模一样。

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  6 Alpers, however, has argued that this boundary would have puzzled mapmakers in the seventeenth century, because they considered themselves to be visual engineers.

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